unity3d俄罗斯方块源码教程+源码和程序下载

释放双眼,带上耳机,听听看~!

小时候,大家都应玩过或听说过《俄罗斯方块》,它是红白机,掌机等一些电子设备中最常见的一款游戏。而随着时代的发展,信息的进步,游戏画面从简单的黑白方块到彩色方块,游戏的玩法机制从最简单的消方块到现在的多人pk等,无一不是在体现它的火爆。在这里,通过这篇文章向大家分享一下自己在制作俄罗斯方块的经验和心得,以及文章最后的源码和pc程序。

首先,看标题都知道这篇文章中所用到的游戏引擎是:unity3d,版本不限,但最好是5.4.3以上的,原因是因为作者自己没有用过5.4.3以下的版本。

准备工具都有:unity3d + Visual Studio 2015

素材准备有(密码:1vp5):字体方正粗圆_GBK,以及一些图集

项目分析:

当一切准备就绪后,就可以开始创建我们的俄罗斯方块工程(2d)的。

 

一、游戏框架的搭建和方块预设物的制作

1.双击unity快捷方式,打开unity界面点击New新建工程,Template类型选择2d,工程名 Tetris,点击创建后稍等片刻进入编辑器界面

2.在Assets文件夹下创建几个常用文件夹用来归类:

创建文件夹方式,在Project面板下右键

Scenes(场景文件夹),Resources(资源文件夹),Script(脚本文件夹),Texture(图集文件夹),Prefabs(预设物文件夹)

从图中可以看到将预设物文件夹放到了资源文件夹下,这样做的好处是可以在代码中直接通过unity3d提供的Resources类进行访问。当然其他文件或文件夹也可以放进去,但是了解过Unity3d的你,应该知道Resource下的文件在打包的时候会占用很大资源,具体的提自行百度。

3.导入图片等资源到对应的文件夹中(也可以自行创建);保存当前场景,场景名MainGame;切割图片资源生成我们想要的图片集。

4.在层级面板中右键创建UI面板Canvas,有关UI的对象都放置到UI面板中。设置相机背景颜色设置为纯白色,Canvas属性UIScaleMode设置为屏幕分辨率

界面搭建过程中在Canvas下可创建空物体用来做对应界面的父对象,也可以直接创建Panel。这里采用了创建空物体

4-1.开始界面的搭建:

创建空物体F2修改名字为StartPanel,设置StartPanel大小,点击stretch,按住Alt键,之后点击右下角,StartPanel的大小和位置就会被拉伸到Canvas尺寸

在StartPanel下创建UI→Text,将其锚点固定到上方中心位置也放到上方,文本信息设置为:俄罗斯方块

创建一个空物体重命名:ButtonGroup,用来整合开始界面中的按钮,将空物体放置到界面下方,在ButtonGroup下创建3个UI→Button,然后删除Button下的Text子物体,添加子物体Image,并分别重命名:btn_Start,btn_Set,btn_Rank。在ButtonGroup上添加布局组件可以将子物体进行一些布局调整

(做好一个按钮后可以将其拖拽成预设物,方便下次使用)

在预设物文件夹下创建三个文件夹用来分类预设物:Panel,Square,Other,将做好的StartPanel拖放到Panel文件夹下,btn_Start移动到Other文件夹下。

4-2. 游戏运行界面搭建:创建四个Text其中两个用来文本提示,另外两个用来显示分数。将之前做好的按钮预设物拽上来,修改名字用来做暂停按钮,最后将做好的界面放到Panel文件夹中。

4-3.设置界面排行界面暂停界面以及游戏结束界面,可分别搭建成如下图所示的样子。

4-4:界面预设物打包下载:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1XP8LkIVQEZfWYreHnKrYdg 提取码:ad1o 

5.制作方块预设物:玩过俄罗斯方块的都知道,俄罗斯方块下落的方块类型有7种:

这7种方块类型,我提供了下载包,可直接下载使用:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1d-40cuiD_ioH69Pc_Hv9ng 提取码:8tj7 

6.制作方块背景地图Map:Map最直接最简单的作用是为了显示方块可下落的位置,为此我们在做Map时,第一块物体的位置很重要,在这里,我们将其位置重置为0,然后Ctrl+D复制创建,然后选中复制出来的按住键盘Ctrl键进行向右拖拽。最后做到一行有10个方块,之后创建一个空物体将其坐标重置,将这一行方块整体放倒空物体后重命名空物体:Row,重复Ctrl+D复制创建并且按住键盘Ctrl键进行向上拖拽,做到场景中有12个Row后创建一个空物体将其坐标重置重命名为Map,将12行Row放到Map下面,最终生成10*12一块Map,将做好的Map拖拽到Other文件夹下生成预设物。提取码:q0o8

注意:在制作Map时,可以将第一块方块拖拽成预设物,这样子可以方便修改Map中所有方块的属性。

至此,俄罗斯方块界面框架和预设物算是完成了。

二、游戏代码逻辑编写

在unity中提供两种常见的代码方式:C#和JavaScript,在这里采用C#去编写。游戏代码的编写风格以及框架有很多种,可以根据自己的习惯去书写自己满意的代码风格,但为了他人在阅读浏览自己代码是有可能会造成的一些问题,我们应该规范自己的代码风格和框架。在本教程中采用的是简单的MVC框架。

在Script文件夹下创建三个文件夹:Ctrl,View,Data,分别用来存放控制脚本,视图脚本和数据脚本。

在View文件夹下分别创建对应UIPanel的C#脚本:StartView,RunView,SetView,RankView,PasueView,OverView。


using UnityEngine;
using UnityEngine.UI;
using System.Collections;

public class StartView : MonoBehaviour {

    public Button Btn_Start { get; set; }
    public Button Btn_ReStart { get; set; }
    public Button Btn_Set { get; set; }
    public Button Btn_Rank { get; set; }
    public Text Txt_Title { get; set; }

    // Use this for initialization
    void Awake() {
        Btn_Start = transform.Find(\"ButtonGroup/btn_Start\").GetComponent<Button>();
        Btn_Set = transform.Find(\"ButtonGroup/btn_Set\").GetComponent<Button>();
        Btn_Rank = transform.Find(\"ButtonGroup/btn_Rank\").GetComponent<Button>();
        Txt_Title = transform.Find(\"txt_Title\").GetComponent<Text>();
    }
    
    // Update is called once per frame
    void Update () {        
    }
}

StartView脚本

using UnityEngine;
using UnityEngine.UI;
using System.Collections;

public class RunView : MonoBehaviour {

    public Button Btn_Pause { get; set; }
    public Text Txt_Curr { get; set; }
    public Text Txt_Max { get; set; }
    // Use this for initialization
    void Awake() {
        Btn_Pause = transform.Find(\"TopGroup/btn_Pasue\").GetComponent<Button>();
        Txt_Curr = transform.Find(\"TopGroup/txt_Current/Text\").GetComponent<Text>();
        Txt_Max = transform.Find(\"TopGroup/txt_Max/Text\").GetComponent<Text>();
        
    }

    public void SetScoreText(int curr,int max) {
        Txt_Curr.text = curr.ToString();
        Txt_Max.text = max.ToString();
    }
    public void SetScoreText(string curr, string max)
    {
        Txt_Curr.text = curr;
        Txt_Max.text = max;
    }
}

RunView脚本

using UnityEngine;
using UnityEngine.UI;
using System.Collections;

public class SetView : MonoBehaviour {
    public Button Btn_Forum { get; set; }
    public Button Btn_WebSite { get; set; }
    public Button Btn_Collect { get; set; }
    public Button Btn_Sound { get; set; }
    public Button Btn_Return { get; set; }

    public GameObject mask { get; set; }
    // Use this for initialization
    void Awake() {
        Btn_Forum = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Btn_Forum\").GetComponent<Button>();
        Btn_WebSite = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Btn_WebSite\").GetComponent<Button>();
        Btn_Collect = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Btn_Collect\").GetComponent<Button>();
        Btn_Sound = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Btn_Sound\").GetComponent<Button>();
        mask = Btn_Sound.transform.Find(\"Mask\").gameObject;
        Btn_Return = GetComponent<Button>();
    }
    public void SetSoundMask(bool isActive)
    {
        mask.SetActive(isActive);
    }
    public void SetSoundMask() {
        mask.SetActive(!mask.activeSelf);
        GameManager.instance.Sound = mask.activeSelf;
        AudioManager.instance.SetAudioSource(!mask.activeSelf);
    }
}

SetView脚本

using UnityEngine;
using UnityEngine.UI;
using System.Collections;

public class RankView : MonoBehaviour {
    public Button Btn_Clear { get; set; }
    public Button Btn_Return { get; set; }

    public Text Txt_Curr { get; set; }
    public Text Txt_Max { get; set; }
    public Text Txt_Count { get; set; }

    // Use this for initialization
    void Awake() {
        Btn_Clear = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Btn_Clear\").GetComponent<Button>();
        Txt_Curr = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Txt_Name\").GetComponent<Text>();
        Txt_Max = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Txt_Max/Text\").GetComponent<Text>();
        Txt_Count = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Txt_Count/Text\").GetComponent<Text>();
        Btn_Return = GetComponent<Button>();
    }
    void Start()
    {
        SetScoreText();
    }
    public void TextClearData() {
        Txt_Max.text = 0.ToString();
        Txt_Count.text = 0.ToString();
        GameManager.instance.Score = 0;
        GameManager.instance.highScore = 0;
        GameManager.instance.numbersGame = 0;
    }

    public void SetScoreText() {
        Txt_Max.text = GameManager.instance.highScore.ToString();
        Txt_Count.text = GameManager.instance.numbersGame.ToString();
    }
    
}

RankView脚本

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;
using UnityEngine.UI;

public class PasueView : MonoBehaviour {

    public Button Btn_Home { get; set; }
    public Button Btn_Start { get; set; }
    public Text Txt_Curr { get; set; }
    // Use this for initialization
    void Awake()
    {
        Btn_Home = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Btn_Home\").GetComponent<Button>();
        Btn_Start = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Btn_Start\").GetComponent<Button>();
        Txt_Curr = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Txt_Count\").GetComponent<Text>();
    }

}

PasueView脚本

using UnityEngine;
using UnityEngine.UI;
using System.Collections;

public class OverView : MonoBehaviour {
    public Button Btn_Home { get; set; }
    public Button Btn_ReStart { get; set; }
    public Text Txt_Curr { get; set; }
    // Use this for initialization
    void Awake () {
        Btn_Home = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Btn_Home\").GetComponent<Button>();
        Btn_ReStart = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Btn_ReStart\").GetComponent<Button>();
        Txt_Curr = transform.Find(\"Img_Bg/Txt_Count\").GetComponent<Text>();
    }

    public void SetScoreText(int score) {
        Txt_Curr.text = score.ToString();
    }
}

OverView脚本

在Ctrl文件夹下分别创建对应UIPanel的C#脚本:StartCtrl,RunCtrl,SetCtrl,RankCtrl,PasueCtrl,OverCtrl。


using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class StartCtrl : MonoBehaviour {
    public StartView view { get; set; }
    Camera mainCamera { get; set; }
    void Awake()
    {
        mainCamera = Camera.main;
    }

    void Start () {
        view = gameObject.AddComponent<StartView>();
        //开始按钮事件
        view.Btn_Start.onClick.AddListener(delegate() {
            Destroy(gameObject);
            GameManager.instance.CreatePanel(PanelType.RunPanel);
            AudioManager.instance.PlayCursor();
        });
        //设置按钮事件
        view.Btn_Set.onClick.AddListener(delegate () {            
            GameManager.instance.CreatePanel(PanelType.SetPanel);
            AudioManager.instance.PlayCursor();
        });
        //排行榜按钮事件
        view.Btn_Rank.onClick.AddListener(delegate () {
            GameManager.instance.CreatePanel(PanelType.RankPanel);
            AudioManager.instance.PlayCursor();
        });
        StartCoroutine(doZoomOut());
    }
    //缩小
    IEnumerator doZoomOut()
    {
        bool isdo = false;
        yield return null;
        while (!isdo)
        {
            if (mainCamera.orthographicSize > 12.5f)
            {
                isdo = true;
            }
            mainCamera.orthographicSize += 0.1f;
            yield return new WaitForSeconds(0.02f);
        }
    }
}

StartCtrl脚本

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class RunCtrl : MonoBehaviour {
    public bool isPause { get; set; }

    public RunView view { get; set; }
    Camera mainCamera { get; set; }

    private void Awake()
    {
        view = gameObject.AddComponent<RunView>();
        GameManager.instance.isOver = false;
        isPause = false;
        mainCamera = GameObject.Find(\"Main Camera\").GetComponent<Camera>();
    }
    // Use this for initialization
    void Start () {
        view.SetScoreText(0, GameManager.instance.highScore);

        StartCoroutine(doZoomIn());


        view.Btn_Pause.onClick.AddListener(delegate () {
            isPause = true;
            GameManager.instance.currentShape.isPause = true;
            GameManager.instance.CreatePanel(PanelType.PasuePanel);
            AudioManager.instance.PlayCursor();
        });
        
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 放大
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    IEnumerator doZoomIn()
    {
        bool isdo = false;
        yield return null;
        while (!isdo)
        {
            if (Camera.main.orthographicSize < 10f)
            {
                isdo = true;
            }
            Camera.main.orthographicSize -= 0.1f;
            yield return new WaitForSeconds(0.02f);
        }
    }

    void Update()
    {
        if (isPause) return;
        while (GameManager.instance.currentShape == null)
        {
            SquareType st = (SquareType)Random.Range(0, 7);
            //测试生成
            GameManager.instance.CreateSquare(st);
        }
    }

}

RunCtrl脚本

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class SetCtrl : MonoBehaviour {
    public SetView view { get; set; }
    // Use this for initialization
    void Start () {    
        view = gameObject.AddComponent<SetView>();

        view.SetSoundMask(GameManager.instance.Sound);

        //声音按钮事件
        view.Btn_Sound.onClick.AddListener(delegate () {
            view.SetSoundMask();
            DataModel.SaveData();
            AudioManager.instance.PlayControl();
        });

        view.Btn_Collect.onClick.AddListener(delegate () {
        });
        view.Btn_Forum.onClick.AddListener(delegate () {
        });
        view.Btn_WebSite.onClick.AddListener(delegate () {
        });


        //返回按钮事件
        view.Btn_Return.onClick.AddListener(delegate () {
            Destroy(gameObject);
        });
    }

    // Update is called once per frame
    void Update () {
    
    }
}

SetCtrl脚本

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class RankCtrl : MonoBehaviour {
    public RankView view { get; set; }
    // Use this for initialization
    void Start () {
        view = gameObject.AddComponent<RankView>();

        view.Btn_Clear.onClick.AddListener(delegate () {
            view.TextClearData();
            DataModel.SaveData();
        });

        //返回按钮事件
        view.Btn_Return.onClick.AddListener(delegate () {
            Destroy(gameObject);
        });
    }

    // Update is called once per frame
    void Update () {
    
    }
}

RankCtrl脚本

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class PasueCtrl : MonoBehaviour {
    public PasueView view { get; set; }

    // Use this for initialization
    void Start () {
        view = gameObject.AddComponent<PasueView>();
        view.Txt_Curr.text = GameManager.instance.Score.ToString();
        //继续游戏按钮事件
        view.Btn_Start.onClick.AddListener(delegate () {
            GameManager.instance.isOver = false;
            GameManager.instance.ctrl_run.isPause = false;
            GameManager.instance.currentShape.isPause = false;
            Destroy(gameObject);
            AudioManager.instance.PlayCursor();
        });

        view.Btn_Home.onClick.AddListener(delegate () {
            DestroyAll();
            GameManager.instance.isOver = true;
            AudioManager.instance.PlayCursor();
            GameManager.instance.CreatePanel(PanelType.StartPanel);
        });
    }
    void DestroyAll() {
        for (int i = 1; i < GameManager.instance.transform.childCount; i++)
        {
            Destroy(GameManager.instance.transform.GetChild(i).gameObject);
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < GameManager.instance.CreatePoint.childCount; i++)
        {
            Destroy(GameManager.instance.CreatePoint.GetChild(i).gameObject);
        }
    }
}

PasueCtrl脚本

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class OverCtrl : MonoBehaviour {
    public OverView view { get; set; }
    // Use this for initialization
    void Start () {
        view = gameObject.AddComponent<OverView>();

        view.SetScoreText(GameManager.instance.Score);
        
        AudioManager.instance.PlayGameOver();


        //重新开始
        view.Btn_ReStart.onClick.AddListener(delegate() {
            ClearSquare();
            GameManager.instance.isOver = false;
            //取消暂停
            GameManager.instance.ctrl_run.isPause = false;
        });

        //返回主页
        view.Btn_Home.onClick.AddListener(delegate() {
            ClearSquare();
            GameManager.instance.isOver = true;
            Destroy(GameManager.instance.ctrl_run.gameObject);
            GameManager.instance.CreatePanel(PanelType.StartPanel);
        });
    }

    // Update is called once per frame
    void ClearSquare () {
        //清除已生成的方块
        for (int i = 0; i < GameManager.instance.CreatePoint.childCount; i++)
        {
            Destroy(GameManager.instance.CreatePoint.GetChild(i).gameObject);
        }
        //清除当前分数
        GameManager.instance.Score = 0;
        GameManager.instance.ctrl_run.view.Txt_Curr.text = 0.ToString();
        //销毁自身
        Destroy(gameObject);
    }
}

OverCtrl脚本

在Data文件夹下分别创建方块和游戏涉及到的数据脚本:DataModel,CtrlInput,SquareControl。


using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using UnityEngine;



/// <summary>
/// 面板类型(PanelType)
/// </summary>
public enum PanelType
{
    StartPanel, RunPanel, SetPanel, RankPanel, PasuePanel, GameOverPanel
}

/// <summary>
/// 方块类型
/// </summary>
public enum SquareType
{
    Square_1, Square_2, Square_3, Square_4, Square_5, Square_6, Square_7
}

/// <summary>
/// 方向键控制
/// </summary>
public enum DirectionType
{
    None, Left, Right, Down, Up
}


public class DataModel  {
    /// <summary>
    /// 获取数据储存文件完整路径
    /// </summary>
    public static readonly string dataPath = Application.persistentDataPath + @\"\\data.bin\";
    /// <summary>
    /// 保存数据
    /// </summary>
    public static void SaveData()
    {
        string content = GameManager.instance.highScore + \"\\n\" + GameManager.instance.numbersGame + \"\\n\" + GameManager.instance.Sound;
        //写出文件
        File.WriteAllText(dataPath, content);
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// 读取数据
    /// </summary>
    public static void LoadData()
    {
        //判断文件是否存在
        if (File.Exists(dataPath))
        {
            string content = File.ReadAllText(dataPath);
            GameManager.instance.highScore = int.Parse(content.Split(\'\\n\')[0]);
            GameManager.instance.numbersGame = int.Parse(content.Split(\'\\n\')[1]);
            GameManager.instance.Sound = content.Split(\'\\n\')[2] == \"true\" ? true : false;
        }
        else
        {
            GameManager.instance.highScore = 0;
            GameManager.instance.numbersGame = 0;
            GameManager.instance.Sound = false;
        }

    }
}

DataModel脚本

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;
using System;

//委托定义好了

public delegate void InputEventHandler(DirectionType res = DirectionType.None);

/// <summary>
/// 触点滑动操作类
/// </summary>
/// 1、可用于移动端触点移动
/// 2、可用于PC端鼠标移动
public class CtrlInput  {
    
    /// <summary>
    /// 委托方法事件
    /// </summary>
    public InputEventHandler handler;
    
    /// <summary>
    /// 触摸起点
    /// </summary>
    Vector3 m_ptStart = Vector3.zero;

    /// <summary>
    /// 开始时间
    /// </summary>
    float m_TimeStart;

    /// <summary>
    /// 有效滑动长度
    /// </summary>
    float m_Len = 30;

    /// <summary>
    /// 操作标志:用于控制操作识别完成后,不松手再滑动,操作无效。
    /// </summary>
    bool m_Flag = false;


    /// <summary>
    /// 起始位置
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"pt\"></param>
    public void Start(Vector3 pt)
    {
        //记录原点位置
        m_ptStart = pt;
        m_TimeStart = Time.fixedTime;

        m_Flag = true;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 滑动后位置
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"pt\"></param>
    public void Check(Vector3 pt)
    {
        //操作无效
        if (!m_Flag) return;
        //滑动限时3秒
        if (Time.fixedTime - m_TimeStart > 3) return;
        //获取两点间的距离
        Vector3 v = pt - m_ptStart;
        float len = v.magnitude;
        //长度不够
        if (len < m_Len) return;
        //Mathf.Rad2Deg 弧度到度转换常数(只读)。
        //Mathf.Atan2 反正切 以弧度为单位计算并返回 y/x 的反正切值。
        //返回值表示相对直角三角形对角的角,其中 x 是临边边长,而 y 是对边边长。 
        //返回值是在x轴和一个二维向量开始于0个结束在(x, y)处之间的角。 
        float degree = Mathf.Rad2Deg * Mathf.Atan2(v.x, v.y);
        if (-45 >= degree && degree >= -135)
        {   //
            m_Flag = false;
            handler(DirectionType.Left);
        }
        else if (45 <= degree && degree <= 135)
        {   //
            m_Flag = false;
            handler(DirectionType.Right);

        }
        else if (-45 <= degree && degree <= 45)
        {   //

            m_Flag = false;
            handler(DirectionType.Up);

        }
        else if (135 <= degree || degree <= 135)
        {   //
            m_Flag = false;
            handler(DirectionType.Down);
        }
    }

    #region 示例
    /*使用方法1:实例化 CtrlInput 类,
     * 实例化对象名:如 ctrlInput
     * 用新实例化出来的对象,调用方法
     * ctrlInput.TouchControl();
     * ctrlInput.MouseControl();
     * 
     * 使用方法2:实例化 CtrlInput 类,
     * 将方法拷贝或剪切到 控制类中
     * 修改示例中的 Start(touch.position),Check(touch.position) 方法调用为
     * ctrlInput.Start(touch.position);
     * ctrlInput.Check(touch.position);
     */
    #region 1、移动端触点移动示例
    /// <summary>
    /// 触点输入控制
    /// </summary>
    public void TouchControl()
    {
        //如果触点数量为0返回
        if (Input.touchCount == 0) return;

        Touch touch = Input.GetTouch(0);
        if (touch.phase == TouchPhase.Began)
        {
            Start(touch.position);
        }
        else if (touch.phase == TouchPhase.Moved)
        {
            Check(touch.position);
        }
    }
    #endregion

    #region 2、PC端鼠标输入移动示例
    
    bool m_MouseMove = false;
    /// <summary>
    /// 鼠标输入控制
    /// </summary>
    void MouseControl()
    {
        //鼠标按下时记录当前位置
        if (Input.GetMouseButtonDown(0))
        {
            m_MouseMove = true;
            Start(Input.mousePosition);
        }
        else if (Input.GetMouseButtonUp(0))
        {
            m_MouseMove = false;
        }
        //滑动位置
        if (m_MouseMove)
        {
            Check(Input.mousePosition);
        }
    }
    #endregion
    #endregion


}

CtrlInput脚本

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;
using System;

public class SquareControl : MonoBehaviour {
    
    float timer;//计时
    float stepTime = 0.8f;
    int multiple = 15;
    // 标示鼠标是否是按下的移动
    bool m_MouseMove = false;
    // 处理输入
    CtrlInput m_CtrlInput = new CtrlInput();

    public bool isPause { get; set; }
    public DirectionType dirType { get; set; }
    private void Awake()
    {
        dirType = DirectionType.None;
        m_CtrlInput.handler += onMove;
    }

    void onMove(DirectionType res)
    {
        dirType = res;
    }

    // Update is called once per frame
    void Update () {

        if (isPause) return;
        
        timer += Time.deltaTime;
        if (timer > stepTime)
        {
            timer = 0;
            WhereAbouts();
        }
        InputControl();
        MouseControl();
        TouchControl();
    }

    //IEnumerator doWhereabouts()
    //{
    //    while (true)
    //    {
    //        while (!isPause)
    //        {
    //            Vector3 pos = transform.position;
    //            pos.y -= 1;
    //            transform.position = pos;
    //            if (!GameManager.instance.IsValidMapPosition(transform))
    //            {
    //                AudioManager.instance.PlayDrop();
    //                pos.y += 1;
    //                transform.position = pos;
    //                isPause = true;
    //                bool isLineclear = GameManager.instance.PlaceShape(transform);
    //                if (isLineclear)
    //                {
    //                    AudioManager.instance.PlayLineClear();
    //                }
    //                else
    //                {
    //                    AudioManager.instance.PlayControl();
    //                }

    //                GameManager.instance.FallDown();
    //                Destroy(this);
    //            }
    //            //调整速度
    //            if (!isSpeedup)
    //            {
    //                yield return new WaitForSeconds(1);
    //            }
    //            else
    //            {
    //                yield return new WaitForSeconds(0.2f);
    //            }
    //        }
    //        yield return null;
    //    }
        
    //    //while (isSpeedup)
    //    //{
    //    //    transform.position = new Vector2(transform.position.x, transform.position.y - 1);
    //    //    yield return new WaitForSeconds(0.5f);
    //    //}
    //}
    void WhereAbouts()
    {
        Vector3 pos = transform.position;
        pos.y -= 1;
        transform.position = pos;
        if (!GameManager.instance.IsValidMapPosition(transform))
        {
            AudioManager.instance.PlayDrop();
            pos.y += 1;
            transform.position = pos;
            isPause = true;
            bool isLineclear = GameManager.instance.PlaceShape(transform);
            if (isLineclear)
            {
                AudioManager.instance.PlayLineClear();
            }
            else
            {
                AudioManager.instance.PlayControl();
            }

            GameManager.instance.FallDown();
            Destroy(this);
        }
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// 键盘输入控制
    /// </summary>
    void InputControl() {
        float h = 0;
        if (Input.GetKeyDown(KeyCode.A) || Input.GetKeyDown(KeyCode.LeftArrow) || dirType == DirectionType.Left)
        {
            h = -1;
            dirType = DirectionType.None;
        }
        else if (Input.GetKeyDown(KeyCode.D) || Input.GetKeyDown(KeyCode.RightArrow) || dirType == DirectionType.Right)
        {
            h = 1;
            dirType = DirectionType.None;
        }
        else if (Input.GetKeyDown(KeyCode.S) || Input.GetKeyDown(KeyCode.DownArrow) || dirType == DirectionType.Down)
        {
            stepTime /= multiple;
            dirType = DirectionType.None;
        }
        if (Input.GetKeyDown(KeyCode.W) || Input.GetKeyDown(KeyCode.UpArrow) || dirType == DirectionType.Up)
        {
            dirType = DirectionType.None;
            transform.RotateAround(transform.Find(\"Pivot\").transform.position, Vector3.forward, 90);
            if (!GameManager.instance.IsValidMapPosition(transform))
            {
                transform.RotateAround(transform.Find(\"Pivot\").transform.position, Vector3.forward, -90);
            }
            AudioManager.instance.PlayDrop();
        }
        if (h != 0)
        {
            dirType = DirectionType.None;
            Vector3 pos = transform.position;
            pos.x += h;
            transform.position = pos;
            if (!GameManager.instance.IsValidMapPosition(transform))
            {
                pos.x -= h;
                transform.position = pos;
            }
            AudioManager.instance.PlayDrop();
        }
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// 鼠标输入控制
    /// </summary>
    void MouseControl() {
        //鼠标按下时记录当前位置
        if (Input.GetMouseButtonDown(0))
        {
            m_MouseMove = true;
            m_CtrlInput.Start(Input.mousePosition);
        }
        else if(Input.GetMouseButtonUp(0))
        {
            m_MouseMove = false;
        }
        //滑动位置
        if (m_MouseMove)
        {
            m_CtrlInput.Check(Input.mousePosition);
        }
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// 触屏控制
    /// </summary>
    void TouchControl() {
        if (Input.touchCount == 0) return;
        Touch touch = Input.GetTouch(0);
        if (touch.phase == TouchPhase.Began)
        {
            m_CtrlInput.Start(touch.position);
        }else if(touch.phase == TouchPhase.Moved)
        {
            m_CtrlInput.Check(touch.position);
        }        
    }

    public void SetColor(Color color)
    {
        foreach (Transform t in transform)
        {
            if (t.tag == \"Block\")
            {
                t.GetComponent<SpriteRenderer>().color = color;
            }
        }
    }
}

SquareControl脚本

在Script文件夹下创建一个名为GameManager的C#脚本,用来管理游戏的整体逻辑,并且该脚本只在场景中挂在一遍。打开GameManager脚本将其做成单例模式:


1 public static GameManager instance { get; set; }
2     void Awake ()
3     {
4         instance = this;
5     }

单例模式

在游戏打开的时候,要实现Map地图,开始界面等初始化,所以在GameManager类中写一个初始化方法和创建界面生成的方法


/// <summary>
    /// 初始化窗口
    /// </summary>
    public void Init()
    {
        GameObject tranMap = Resources.Load<GameObject>(\"Prefabs/Other/Map\");
        Transform map = Instantiate(tranMap).transform;
        map.name = \"Map\";
        CreatePoint = map.Find(\"CreatePoint\");
        
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// 创建面板
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"type\"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public GameObject CreatePanel(PanelType type)
    {
        GameObject prefab = Resources.Load<GameObject>(\"Prefabs/Panel/\" + type);
        if (prefab != null)
        {
            GameObject clone = Instantiate(prefab, transform, false) as GameObject;
            clone.name = type.ToString();
            switch (type)
            {
                case PanelType.StartPanel:
                    ctrl_start = clone.AddComponent<StartCtrl>();
                    break;
                case PanelType.RunPanel:
                    ctrl_run = clone.AddComponent<RunCtrl>();
                    break;
                case PanelType.SetPanel:
                    ctrl_set = clone.AddComponent<SetCtrl>();
                    break;
                case PanelType.RankPanel:
                    ctrl_rank = clone.AddComponent<RankCtrl>();
                    break;
                case PanelType.GameOverPanel:
                    ctrl_over = clone.AddComponent<OverCtrl>();
                    break;
                case PanelType.PasuePanel:
                    ctrl_pasue = clone.AddComponent<PasueCtrl>();
                    break;
            }
            return clone;
        }
        return null;
    }

初始化

using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using UnityEngine;



public class GameManager : MonoBehaviour {
    public StartCtrl ctrl_start { get; set; }
    public RunCtrl ctrl_run { get; set; }
    public SetCtrl ctrl_set { get; set; }
    public RankCtrl ctrl_rank { get; set; }
    public OverCtrl ctrl_over { get; set; }
    public PasueCtrl ctrl_pasue { get; set; }
    public int Score { get; set; }
    public bool Sound { get; set; }
    public int highScore { get; set; }
    public int numbersGame { get; set; }
    public bool isOver { get; set; }
    public SquareControl currentShape { get; set; }
    public Transform CreatePoint { get; set; }

    public const int NORMAL_ROWS = 12;
    public const int MAX_ROWS = 15;
    public const int MAX_COLUMNS = 10;

    Transform[,] map = new Transform[MAX_COLUMNS, MAX_ROWS];
    bool isUpData;

    public static GameManager instance { get; set; }
    void Awake ()
    {
        instance = this;

        //初始化
        Init();
        
        isOver = false;
        //添加音频管理脚本
        gameObject.AddComponent<AudioManager>();
        //判断是否是PC端
        if (Application.platform == RuntimePlatform.WindowsPlayer)
        {
            //只有在windows系统的平台上才会执行
            //设置窗口大小
            Screen.SetResolution(540, 960, false);
        }
    }
    void Start()
    {
        if (ctrl_start == null)
        {
            CreatePanel(PanelType.StartPanel);
        }
        DataModel.LoadData();
        AudioManager.instance.SetAudioSource(!Sound);
    }

    void Update () {
        if (!isOver)
        {
            if (IsGameOver())
            {
                //游戏结束,暂停
                ctrl_run.isPause = true;
                isOver = true;
            }
        }
        if (Input.GetKeyDown(KeyCode.Escape) && isOver)
        {
            Application.Quit();
        }
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// 初始化窗口
    /// </summary>
    public void Init()
    {
        GameObject tranMap = Resources.Load<GameObject>(\"Prefabs/Other/Map\");
        Transform map = Instantiate(tranMap).transform;
        map.name = \"Map\";
        CreatePoint = map.Find(\"CreatePoint\");
        
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// 创建面板
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"type\"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public GameObject CreatePanel(PanelType type)
    {
        GameObject prefab = Resources.Load<GameObject>(\"Prefabs/Panel/\" + type);
        if (prefab != null)
        {
            GameObject clone = Instantiate(prefab, transform, false) as GameObject;
            clone.name = type.ToString();
            switch (type)
            {
                case PanelType.StartPanel:
                    ctrl_start = clone.AddComponent<StartCtrl>();
                    break;
                case PanelType.RunPanel:
                    ctrl_run = clone.AddComponent<RunCtrl>();
                    break;
                case PanelType.SetPanel:
                    ctrl_set = clone.AddComponent<SetCtrl>();
                    break;
                case PanelType.RankPanel:
                    ctrl_rank = clone.AddComponent<RankCtrl>();
                    break;
                case PanelType.GameOverPanel:
                    ctrl_over = clone.AddComponent<OverCtrl>();
                    break;
                case PanelType.PasuePanel:
                    ctrl_pasue = clone.AddComponent<PasueCtrl>();
                    break;
            }
            return clone;
        }
        return null;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 生成方块
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"type\"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public GameObject CreateSquare(SquareType type)
    {
        GameObject prefab = Resources.Load<GameObject>(\"Prefabs/Square/\" + type);
        if (prefab != null)
        {
            GameObject clone = Instantiate(prefab, CreatePoint) as GameObject;
            clone.name = type.ToString();
            clone.transform.position = CreatePoint.position;
            currentShape = clone.AddComponent<SquareControl>();
            return clone;
        }
        return null;
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// 方块位置是否有效
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"t\">方块坐标</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public bool IsValidMapPosition(Transform t)
    {
        //遍历方块子物体
        foreach (Transform child in t)
        {
            //跳过标签不为 Block 的子物体
            if (child.tag != \"Block\") continue;
            Vector2 pos = Round(child.position);
            //判断是否在地图中
            if (IsInsideMap(pos) == false) return false;
            //判断是否在数组中
            if (map[(int)pos.x, (int)pos.y] != null) return false;
        }
        return true;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 是否在地图中
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"pos\"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    private bool IsInsideMap(Vector2 pos)
    {
        return pos.x >= 0 && pos.x < MAX_COLUMNS && pos.y >= 0;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 放置方块
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"t\"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public bool PlaceShape(Transform t)
    {
        foreach (Transform child in t)
        {
            if (child.tag != \"Block\") continue;
            Vector2 pos = Round(child.position);
            map[(int)pos.x, (int)pos.y] = child;
        }
        return CheckMap();
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 检查地图是否不要消除行
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    private bool CheckMap()
    {
        int count = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < MAX_ROWS; i++)
        {
            bool isFull = CheckIsRowFull(i);
            if (isFull)
            {
                count++;
                DeleteRow(i);
                MoveDownRowsAbove(i + 1);
                i--;
            }
        }
        Debug.Log(count);
        if (count > 0)
        {
            Score += (count * 100);
            if (Score > highScore)
            {
                highScore = Score;
            }
            isUpData = true;
            return true;
        }
        else return false;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 是否满行
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"row\"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    bool CheckIsRowFull(int row)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < MAX_COLUMNS; i++)
        {
            if (map[i, row] == null) return false;
        }
        return true;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 删除指定行
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"row\"></param>
    void DeleteRow(int row)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < MAX_COLUMNS; i++)
        {
            Destroy(map[i, row].gameObject);
            map[i, row] = null;
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 向下移动多行
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"row\"></param>
    void MoveDownRowsAbove(int row)
    {
        for (int i = row; i < MAX_ROWS; i++)
        {
            MoveDownRow(i);
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 向下移动行
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"row\"></param>
    void MoveDownRow(int row)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < MAX_COLUMNS; i++)
        {
            if (map[i, row] != null)
            {
                map[i, row - 1] = map[i, row];
                map[i, row] = null;
                map[i, row - 1].position += new Vector3(0, -1, 0);
            }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 方块落下
    /// </summary>
    public void FallDown()
    {
        currentShape = null;
        if (isUpData)
        {
            ctrl_run.view.SetScoreText(Score, highScore);
        }
        foreach (Transform t in CreatePoint)
        {
            if (t.childCount <= 1)
            {
                Destroy(t.gameObject);
            }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// V3转V2
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"v\"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static Vector2 Round(Vector3 v)
    {
        //RoundToInt:返回四舍五入到最接近的整数。
        int x = Mathf.RoundToInt(v.x);
        int y = Mathf.RoundToInt(v.y);
        return new Vector2(x, y);
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// 游戏是否结束
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public bool IsGameOver()
    {
        for (int i = NORMAL_ROWS; i < MAX_ROWS; i++)
        {
            for (int j = 0; j < MAX_COLUMNS; j++)
            {
                if (map[j, i] != null)
                {
                    isOver = true;
                    ctrl_run.isPause = true;
                    //加载结束面板
                    CreatePanel(PanelType.GameOverPanel);
                    ctrl_run.view.SetScoreText(0, highScore);
                    
                    numbersGame++;
                    DataModel.SaveData();
                    return true;
                }
            }
        }
        return false;
    }
}

GameManager脚本完整版

留到最后的话,一款游戏如果缺了音乐总会觉得少些动感,所以在程序的最后说一下本工程中的音频管理。

本工程中音频AudioSource有两个分别用来控制有可能冲突的音效,两个AudioSource分别添加到MainCamera和Canvas上。并且将音频文件所在的文件夹放置到Resource文件夹下,方便调用。在脚本文件夹中创建一个AudioManager脚本用来控制程序的音频。


using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class AudioManager : MonoBehaviour {
    /// <summary>
    /// 点击音效
    /// </summary>
    public AudioClip cursor;
    /// <summary>
    /// 放置音效
    /// </summary>
    public AudioClip balloon;
    /// <summary>
    /// 下落音效
    /// </summary>
    public AudioClip drop;
    /// <summary>
    /// 消除音效
    /// </summary>
    public AudioClip lineclear;
    /// <summary>
    /// 结束音效
    /// </summary>
    public AudioClip gameover;

    AudioSource audioSource1 { get; set; }
    AudioSource audioSource2 { get; set; }

    /// <summary>
    /// 单例模式
    /// </summary>
    public static AudioManager instance;

    private void Awake()
    {
        instance = this;
        audioSource1 = GameObject.Find(\"Main Camera\").GetComponent<AudioSource>();
        audioSource2 = GameObject.Find(\"Canvas\").GetComponent<AudioSource>();
        cursor = Resources.Load<AudioClip>(\"Audio/Cursor\");
        balloon = Resources.Load<AudioClip>(\"Audio/Balloon\");
        drop = Resources.Load<AudioClip>(\"Audio/Drop\");
        lineclear = Resources.Load<AudioClip>(\"Audio/Lineclear\");
        gameover = Resources.Load<AudioClip>(\"Audio/Gameover\");
    }

    public void SetAudioSource(bool iscan = true) {
        audioSource1.enabled = audioSource2.enabled = iscan;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 点击音效
    /// </summary>
    public void PlayCursor()
    {
        PlayAudio2(cursor);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 下落音效
    /// </summary>
    public void PlayDrop()
    {
        PlayAudio1(drop);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 放置音效
    /// </summary>
    public void PlayControl()
    {
        PlayAudio2(balloon);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 消除音效
    /// </summary>
    public void PlayLineClear()
    {
        PlayAudio2(lineclear);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 结束音效
    /// </summary>
    public void PlayGameOver() {
        PlayAudio2(gameover);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 播放音效
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name=\"clip\">音效源</param>
    void PlayAudio1(AudioClip clip)
    {
        audioSource1.clip = clip;
        audioSource1.Play();
        //audioSource1.Pause();
    }
    void PlayAudio2(AudioClip clip)
    {
        audioSource2.clip = clip;
        audioSource2.Play();
    }
}

AudioSource

至此,俄罗斯方块的代码也完成了,代码偏多,阅读不便。以下是程序的工程源码和打包好的可执行程序

unity3d俄罗斯方块源码5.4.3版(有动画版)

https://download.csdn.net/download/u012433546/11037870

unity3d俄罗斯方块源码2018.2.14版(无动画):

链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1-2UhD7_A-4IQf8qMMBm_Wg 
提取码:w8rr 

unity3d俄罗斯方块PC端程序:

https://download.csdn.net/download/u012433546/11038002

链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/16vdhu6rRC5nx1Rz7W2qGsg 
提取码:ypa2 

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